Seismic code developments for steel and composite structures

Ahmed Y. Elghazouli

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


As with other codified guidance, seismic design requirements undergo a process of continuous evolution and development. This process is usually guided by improved understanding of structural behaviour based on new research findings, coupled with the need to address issues identified from the practical application of code procedures in real engineering projects. Developments in design guidance however need to balance detailed technical advancements with the desire to maintain a level of practical stability and simplicity in codified rules. As a result, design procedures inevitably incorporate various simplifications and idealisations which can in some cases have adverse implications on the expected seismic performance and hence on the rationale and reliability of the design approaches. With a view to identifying the needs for future seismic code developments, this paper focuses on assessing the underlying approaches and main procedures adopted in the seismic design of steel and composite framed structures, with emphasis on the current European seismic design code, Eurocode 8. Codified requirements in terms of force reduction factors, ductility considerations, capacity design verifications, and connection design procedures, are examined. Various requirements that differ notably from other international seismic codes, particularly those incorporated in North American provisions, are also pointed out. The paper highlights various issues related to the seismic design of steel and composite frames that can result in uneconomical or impractical solutions, and outlines several specific seismic code development needs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-151
Number of pages23
JournalGeotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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