Seismic analysis of 3D train–wheel–bridge–bearing systems: Illustrative examples

Hong Wei Li, Zhao Dong Xu, Daniel Gomez, Shirley J. Dyke, You Wu Wang, Yi Qing Ni

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper presents numerical studies using the model of the three-dimensional train–wheel–bridge–bearing (TWBB) system. The system responses under train-induced excitation only, earthquake excitation only, and combined train-induced plus earthquake excitation are evaluated in terms of structural safety, running safety, and ride comfort. By coupling the subsystem models, these numerical simulations require just seconds to execute, exhibiting high computational efficiency. Based on the simulation results, the main conclusion is that although the bearings may reduce the seismic bridge responses, they also are likely to deteriorate the train's running safety and ride comfort. Therefore, there is a requirement in future bearings design procedures for railway bridges to find a balance between the bridge and train seismic responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1252-1266
Number of pages15
JournalEarthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2023


  • earthquake
  • high-speed railway
  • multidimensional base isolation
  • numerical simulation
  • train–wheel–bridge–bearing system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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