Seeded Synthesis of Unconventional 2H-Phase Pd Alloy Nanomaterials for Highly Efficient Oxygen Reduction

Yiyao Ge, Xixi Wang, Biao Huang, Zhiqi Huang, Bo Chen, Chongyi Ling, Jiawei Liu, Guanghua Liu, Jie Zhang, Gang Wang, Ye Chen, Lujiang Li, Lingwen Liao, Lei Wang, Qinbai Yun, Zhuangchai Lai, Shiyao Lu, Qinxin Luo, Jinlan Wang, Zijian ZhengHua Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


Crystal phase engineering of noble-metal-based alloy nanomaterials paves a new way to the rational synthesis of high-performance catalysts for various applications. However, the controlled preparation of noble-metal-based alloy nanomaterials with unconventional crystal phases still remains a great challenge due to their thermodynamically unstable nature. Herein, we develop a robust and general seeded method to synthesize PdCu alloy nanomaterials with unconventional hexagonal close-packed (hcp, 2H type) phase and also tunable Cu contents. Moreover, galvanic replacement of Cu by Pt can be further conducted to prepare unconventional trimetallic 2H-PdCuPt nanomaterials. Impressively, 2H-Pd67Cu33 nanoparticles possess a high mass activity of 0.87 A mg-1Pd at 0.9 V (vs reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE)) in electrochemical oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) under alkaline condition, which is 2.5 times that of the conventional face-centered cubic (fcc) Pd69Cu31 counterpart, revealing the important role of crystal phase on determining the ORR performance. After the incorporation of Pt, the obtained 2H-Pd71Cu22Pt7 catalyst shows a significantly enhanced mass activity of 1.92 A mg-1Pd+Pt at 0.9 V (vs RHE), which is 19.2 and 8.7 times those of commercial Pt/C and Pd/C, placing it among the best reported Pd-based ORR electrocatalysts under alkaline conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17292-17299
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number41
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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