Wireless key generation in slow fading channels is challenging because of the limited channel variation and randomness. This paper proposes a novel artificial randomness (AR) assisted approach for fast key generation in slow fading environments. It integrates user-designed randomness into the channel probing to form a fast-changing combined channel to realize information-theory security. The analytical expressions of secret key capacity are derived. We find that it is possible to improve secret key capacity by introducing AR when legitimate users have a better channel condition than that of eavesdropper. We also find that the improved secret key capacity is proportional to the channel probing number and is bounded by the noise variance and channel condition. Simulation and experimental results show that AR approach can generate secret key effectively in slow fading environments by carefully designing probing numbers. Compared to existing work in literature, the proposed approach does not rely on multiple antennas or extra helpers, and it can be applied in both single antenna and multi-antenna systems.