Secondary electron emission properties of III-nitride/ZnO coaxial heterostructures under ion and X-ray bombardment

M. Cholewa, H. O. Moser, Lie Huang, Shu Ping Lau, Jinkyoung Yoo, Sung Jin An, Gyu Chul Yi, Gao Xingyu, A. T.S. Wee, A. Bettiol, F. Watt, B. Fischer

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The secondary electron emission (SEE) yield of heterostructures of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoneedles coaxially coated with aluminum nitride (AlN) or gallium nitride (GaN) has been studied using ion and X-ray beams. This paper describes experiments performed with ions (2 MeV protons and 3.6 MeV/nucleon carbon beams) and photons (synchrotron radiation at ≈1 keV). The SEE yield of the heterostructures is enhanced significantly by the intrinsic nanostructure of the ZnO nanoneedle templates as compared to the AlN and GaN thin films on silicon (Si) substrates [T.J. Vink, R.G.F.A. Verbeek, V. Elsbergen, P.K. Bachmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83 (2003) 2285]. One of the mechanisms responsible for SEE yield enhancement can be attributed to the larger area of the nanostructured surface.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-58
Number of pages4
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Nanomaterials
  • Radiation detectors
  • Secondary electron production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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