Scattering properties of Bagolini lenses and their effects on spatial vision

Desmond Cheng, George C. Woo, Elizabeth L. Irving, W. Neil Charman, Ian J. Murray

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of a Bagolini lens on spatial vision was investigated by studying its far-field diffraction pattern as produced by a coherent beam of laser light, and its effect on the contrast sensitivity function (CSF) in human subjects. For lenses of the main type studied, which were crossed by a series of slightly-irregular striated bands, each consisting of fine, parallel, etched lines of various widths and separations, the diffraction pattern consisted of undiffracted light giving a bright central spot and wide-angle, diffracted light giving a dim streak. The latter was due to the sum of the diffraction patterns associated by the irregular fine etched lines. The streak produced by a single striated band was modulated by a series of regular maxima and minima related to the width of the band. Analysis of this pattern gave the width of the band as 0.6 mm, in close agreement with direct microscopical measurements. When four bands were illuminated by a beam of about 3 mm diameter, similar to the diameter of the photopic pupil, the diffraction pattern showed no obvious maxima and minima, due to irregularity in the width and separation of the bands. The central spot contained more than 90% of the total light in the diffraction pattern. Thus the Bagolini lens, with its relatively weak far-field diffraction pattern lacking regular maxima and minima when areas 23 mm in diameter were used, was expected to have only a small effect on the apparent contrast of the targets in CSF experiments. This was confirmed by the measurements: Bagolini lenses showed no significant effect on either the monocular or binocular CSF. Further similar measurements with lenses of slightly different design from another manufacturer confirmed these findings. Therefore Bagolini lenses do not disrupt vision when they are used to determine the presence of suppression acid anomalous retinal correspondence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)438-445
Number of pages8
JournalOphthalmic and Physiological Optics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry
  • Sensory Systems


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