Safety requirement and regulations reviews on ventilation and fire for tunnels in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

Wan Ki Chow, Jojo S.M. Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Safety requirement and regulations on fire and ventilation for tunnels in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR, formerly Hong Kong) are reviewed. Both vehicular and railway tunnels are considered. Vehicle emissions are important for vehicular tunnels and so discussions on carbon monoxide from petrol engines and particulates from diesel engines are reported. Better environmental control on air temperature, air velocity and air pressure are also discussed. Problems to be considered for future tunnel design along these two areas are identified.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-21
Number of pages9
JournalTunnelling and Underground Space Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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