Safe Working Cycle: Is It a Panacea to Combat Construction Site Safety Accidents in Hong Kong?

Daniel W.M. Chan, Douglas O. Aghimien

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


In Hong Kong, the accident statistics of the construction industry is still comparatively higher than other industries. However, accident rates within the industry have significantly decreased, starting from the implementation of diverse safety initiatives, including the Safe Working Cycle (SWC). In this study, a post-positivist philosophical stance was adopted, and a questionnaire survey was launched to gather empirical data on the application of SWC in construction projects, the effectiveness of the safety initiative, and the benefits thereof. The data gathered from 197 construction participants were analysed using descriptive statistics, mean score, Mann–Whitney U-Test, Kendall’s concordance analysis, Chi-square value, Spearman rank-order correlation test and exploratory factor analysis. The findings revealed significant adoption of SWC in the Hong Kong construction industry. Furthermore, daily, weekly, and monthly inspections and supervisions and safety committee meetings are effective items of this safety initiative. The benefits of adopting SWC can be grouped into the safety of frontline workers and increase in the organisation’s safety commitment and reputation. This study has created an excellent theoretical platform for future research work on the usefulness of the SWC in the construction industry at large.

Original languageEnglish
Article number894
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022


  • Construction industry
  • Hong Kong
  • Safe Working Cycle (SWC)
  • Safety initiatives
  • Safety measures
  • Site safety performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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