Ruthenium dioxide-decorated carbonized tubular polypyrrole as a bifunctional catalyst for non-aqueous lithium-oxygen batteries

R. H. Zhang, T. S. Zhao, P. Tan, M. C. Wu, H. R. Jiang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Owing to large specific surface area, high electronical conductivity and low mass, carbon materials have been widely used as cathode for non-aqueous lithium-oxygen (Li-O2) batteries. However, carbon cathodes usually present poor catalytic activities toward oxygen reduction and evolution reactions (ORR and OER), resulting in a large charge over-potential and a short cycling life. In this work, a non-aqueous Li-O2 battery with a bifunctional catalyst, ruthenium dioxide (RuO2)-decorated carbonized tubular polypyrrole, is reported. Compared with conventional catalysts, the bifunctional catalyst has two special features: i), a high content of graphitic N, and ii), a large number of RuO2 nanoparticles. The battery with the novel bifunctional catalyst shows a large discharge capacity (10095 mAh g−1 at a current density of 200 mA g−1), a high rate capacity (6758 mAh g−1 at a current density of 1000 mA g−1) and a long cycling life (55 cycles at the current density of 500 mA g−1). In addition, at the first cycle with a fixed capacity of 1000 mAh g−1, the discharge and charge over-potentials are only 0.28 and 0.78 V, which are 180 and 360 mV lower than those of the batteries fitted with pristine carbonized tubular polypyrrole cathode.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-289
Number of pages9
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume257
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • bifunctional catalyst
  • N doping
  • non-aqueous Li-O batteries
  • RuO
  • tubular polypyrrole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

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