Roles of infrastructure and land use in bicycle crash exposure and frequency: A case study using Greater London bike sharing data

Hongliang Ding, N. N. Sze, Haojie Li, Yanyong Guo

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


Cycling is increasingly promoted as a sustainable transport mode. However, bicyclists are more vulnerable to fatality and severe injury in road crashes, compared to vehicle occupants. It is necessary to identify the contributory factors to crashes and injuries involving bicyclists. For the prediction of motor vehicle crashes, comprehensive traffic count data, i.e. AADT and vehicle kilometer traveled (VKT), are commonly available to proxy the exposure. However, extensive bicycle count data are usually not available. In this study, revealed bicycle trip data of a public bicycle rental system in the Greater London is used to proxy the bicycle crash exposure. Random parameter negative binomial models are developed to measure the relationship between possible risk factors and bicycle crash frequency at the zonal level, based on the crash data in the Greater London in 2012−2013. Results indicate that model taking the bicycle use time as the exposure measure is superior to the other counterparts with the lowest AIC (Akaike information criterion) and BIC (Bayesian information criterion). Bicycle crash frequency is positively correlated to road density, commercial area, proportion of elderly, male and white race, and median household income. Additionally, separate bicycle crash prediction models are developed for different seasons. Effects of the presence of Cycle Superhighway and proportion of green area on bicycle crash frequency can vary across seasons. Findings of this study are indicative to the development of bicycle infrastructures, traffic management and control, and education and enforcement strategies that can enhance the safety awareness of bicyclists and reduce their crash risk in the long run.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105652
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020


  • Bicycle safety
  • Exposure
  • Land use
  • Random parameter negative binomial model
  • Travel behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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