Role of transition metal oxides in g-C3N4-based heterojunctions for photocatalysis and supercapacitors

Liqi Bai, Hongwei Huang, Shixin Yu, Deyang Zhang, Haitao Huang, Yihe Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


g-C3N4 emerges as a star 2D photocatalyst due to its unique layered structure, suitable band structure and low cost. However, its photocatalytic application is limited by the fast charge recombination and low photoabsorption. Rationally designing g-C3N4-based heterojunction is promising for improving photocatalytic activity. Besides, g-C3N4 exhibits great potentials in electrochemical energy storage. In view of the excellent performance of typical transition metal oxides (TMOs) in photocatalysis and energy storage, this review summarized the advances of TMOs/g-C3N4 heterojunctions in the above two areas. Firstly, we introduce several typical TMOs based on their crystal structures and band structures. Then, we summarize different kinds of TMOs/g-C3N4 heterojunctions, including type I/II heterojunction, Z-scheme, p-n junction and Schottky junction, with diverse photocatalytic applications (pollutant degradation, water splitting, CO2 reduction and N2 fixation) and supercapacitive energy storage. Finally, some promising strategies for improving the performance of TMOs/g-C3N4 were proposed. Particularly, the exploration of photocatalysis-assisted supercapacitors was discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-235
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Energy Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


  • Carbon nitride
  • Heterojunction
  • Photocatalysis
  • Supercapacitors
  • Transition metal oxides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Electrochemistry

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