Rod and cone input to horizontal cells in the rabbit retina

Feng Pan, Stephen C. Massey

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


In the rabbit retina, there are two types of horizontal cell (HC). The A-type HC is axonless and extensively coupled. The B-type HC is axon bearing; the somatic dendrites are radially symmetric and form a second coupled network, while the axon branches expansively to form a complex terminal structure. The B-type axon terminals (ATs) are independently coupled to form a third network in the outer plexiform layer. We have modified our dye-injection methods to obtain detailed fills of the three different horizontal cell networks for analysis via confocal microscopy. We have confirmed that A-type HCs and the somatic dendrites of B-type HCs receive input exclusively from cones, whereas the B-type ATs receive input only from rods. A single B-type AT may receive input from as many as 1,000 rods, but, surprisingly, our data reveal only one end terminal per rod spherule. The somatic dendrites of A- and B-type HCs form clusters at each cone pedicle coincident with GluR2/3 and GluR4 glutamate receptor subunits. The B-type ATs have GluR2/3- or GluR4-labeled glutamate receptors in two locations: small puncta on the end terminals within the rod spherule invagination and large clusters on the terminal stalks, approximately 1.5 μm from the rod synaptic ribbon. We conclude that AMPA receptors of the same or similar composition mediate photoreceptor input to all types of HCs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)815-831
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Comparative Neurology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • AMPA receptors
  • Axonal terminal
  • Horizontal cells
  • Retina
  • Rod spherule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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