Image registration is an indispensable component of remote sensing applications, such as disaster monitoring, change detection, and classification. Grayscale differences and geometric distortions often occur among multisource images due to their different imaging mechanisms, thus making it difficult to acquire feature points and match corresponding points. This article proposes a scene shape similarity feature (SSSF) descriptor based on scene shape features and shape context algorithms. A new similarity measure called SSSFncc is then defined by computing the normalized correlation coefficient of the SSSF descriptors between multisource remote sensing images. Furthermore, the tie points between the reference and the sensed image are extracted via a template matching strategy. A global consistency check method is then used to remove the mismatched tie points. Finally, a piecewise linear transform model is selected to rectify the remote sensing image. The proposed SSSFncc aims to extract the scene shape similarity between multisource images. The accuracy of the proposed SSSFncc is evaluated using five pairs of experimental images from optical, synthetic aperture radar, and map data. Registration results demonstrate that the SSSFncc similarity measure is robust enough for complex nonlinear grayscale differences among multisource remote sensing images. The proposed method achieves more reliable registration outcomes compared with other popular methods.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computers in Earth Sciences