Risk factors and protective factors in substance abuse in Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong

Tan Lei Shek, J. Liang

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingChapter in an edited book (as author)Academic researchpeer-review

Abstract

This chapter examines the effects of two risk factors (economic disadvantage and family non-intactness) and two protective factors (positive youth development and family functioning) on substance abuse among Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong. Based on four waves of data collected from Secondary 1 to Secondary 4 students in a longitudinal study (3328 students at Secondary 1), individual growth curve models demonstrated a growing trend of adolescents engaging in substance abuse across time. Gender, age, and family intactness were significantly related to the initial status of adolescent substance abuse, while economic disadvantage and family intactness were significantly related to the growth trajectory of substance abuse, with adolescents from poor and non-intact families having a higher risk of engaging in substance abuse. While positive youth development and family functioning at Wave 4 predicted substance abuse in Wave 4, positive youth development and family functioning at Wave 1 only predicted smoking but not overall substance abuse at Wave 4.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStudent well-being in Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong : theory, intervention and research
PublisherSpringer
Pages237-253
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9789812875815, 9789812875822, 9812875816, 9812875824
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Adolescent substance abuse
  • Longitudinal study
  • Economic disadvantage
  • Family intactness
  • Family functioning
  • Positive youth development

Cite this