Risk assessment in public-private partnership infrastructure projects: Empirical comparison between Ghana and Hong Kong

Robert Osei-Kyei, Ping Chuen Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to empirically compare the risk factors in public-private partnership (PPP) projects in developing and developed countries, represented by Ghana and Hong Kong, respectively. Design/methodology/approach: A structured questionnaire survey was conducted with PPP practitioners in Ghana and Hong Kong. In total, 103 valid responses were received for analysis. Kendall's coefficient of concordance and mean ranking were used for data analysis. Findings: The results show that respondents from Ghana ranked country risk factors higher, whereas their Hong Kong counterparts ranked project-specific risks higher. The top five significant risks in Ghana are corruption, inflation rate fluctuation, exchange rate fluctuation, delay in project completion and interest rate fluctuation. In Hong Kong, the top five significant risk factors are delay in land acquisition, operational cost overruns, construction cost overruns, delay in project completion and political interference. Originality/value: The results of the study inform international investors of the appropriate risk mitigation measures and preventive actions to use when engaging in PPP arrangements in any part of the world. Further, governments who are yet to use the PPP concept would be informed of the prevailing risk factors in other neighbouring countries (i.e. developing or developed countries).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-223
Number of pages20
JournalConstruction Innovation
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • Developed countries
  • Developing countries
  • Ghana
  • Hong Kong
  • Public-private partnership
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • General Computer Science
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction


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