Revolutionizing material design for protonic ceramic fuel cells: Bridging the limitations of conventional experimental screening and machine learning methods

Idris Temitope Bello, Daqin Guan, Na Yu, Zheng Li, Yufei Song, Xi Chen, Siyuan Zhao, Qijiao He, Zongping Shao, Meng Ni

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The commercial viability of protonic ceramic fuel cells (PCFCs) is contingent upon developing highly active and stable cathode materials. The conventional trial-and-error process is time-consuming and costly for cathode material development, while the availability of sufficient and reliable datasets limits the recently emerging machine learning (ML) method. Here, we propose a novel approach based on the experimental design paradigm (EDP) to efficiently facilitate PCFC cathode materials’ development with a minimal dataset. As a rigorous systematic statistical approach, we employ the EDP for strategic variation of multiple elements and measure their effect on desired performance characteristics. We generate empirical models that reveal the optimal concentrations and interactions of the elemental composition and performance characteristics. In this study, we select the BaCoαCeβFeγYζO3-δ series as a proof-of-concept, and the optimal composition, BaCo0.667Ce0.167Fe0.083Y0.083O3-δ, was promptly determined—guided by the EDP—using only 16 independent conditions and 32 randomized experimental runs. We further demonstrate the EDP's versatility by optimizing the widely-used and high-performing Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ cathode material for solid oxide fuel cells. Our results highlight the potential of the EDP for effectively designing superior materials for solid-state electrochemical power generation systems, offering a reliable and practical alternative to conventional trial-and-error screening and ML methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number147098
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume477
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Cathode
  • Experimental design paradigm
  • Protonic ceramic fuel cells
  • Solid oxide fuel cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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