Revisit of the Vögel-Fulcher freezing in lead magnesium niobate relaxors

Shanming Ke, Huiqing Fan, Haitao Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


The Vögel-Fulcher (VF) equation ω= ω0exp [- Ea/ kB(Tm- Tf)] was frequently used to describe the dielectric relaxation of relaxor ferroelectrics where ω is the probe frequency at the peak temperature Tmof either the real or imaginary parts of the dielectric constant. We revisited this relation in a typical relaxor lead magnesium niobate and found that the parameters obtained were not physically meaningful. Meaningful results can only be obtained by fitting the VF relation on the characteristic relaxation time τc, whose temperature dependence can be obtained from the Cole-Cole model. The freezing temperature we obtained is 230 K, below which τcbecomes temperature independent.
Original languageEnglish
Article number132905
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 27 Sept 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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