Review of ultrasonography of malignant neck nodes: Greyscale, doppler, contrast enhancement and elastography

Tin Cheung Ying, K. S.S. Bhatia, Y. P. Lee, H. Y. Yuen, A. T. Ahuja

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)


Assessment of neck lymph nodes is essential in patients with head and neck cancers for predicting the patients prognosis and selecting the appropriate treatment. Ultrasonography is a useful imaging tool in the assessment of neck lymph nodes. Greyscale ultrasonography assesses the size, distribution, and internal architecture of lymph nodes. Doppler ultrasonography evaluates the intranodal vascular pattern and resistance of lymph nodes. Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography provides information on lymph node parenchymal perfusion. Elastography allows qualitative and quantitative assessment of lymph node stiffness. This article reviews the value of greyscale, Doppler and contrastenhanced ultrasonography as well as elastography in the assessment of malignant nodes in the neck.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)658-669
Number of pages12
JournalCancer Imaging
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jan 2014


  • Contrast enhancement
  • Doppler
  • Elastography
  • Greyscale
  • Neck lymph nodes
  • Ultrasonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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