Review and exploration of river sand substitutes for concrete production in Asian countries

Chun Pong Sing, P. E.D. Love, Chi Ming Tam

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Concrete is a stone like material obtained by carefully proportioned mixture of cement, fine sand, aggregate and water, hardened in the forms of shape and dimensions of the desired structure. High quality concrete mixture can only be produced with a proper choice of fine sand with requisite fineness module. The natural river sand is the cheapest option due to the ease of acquisition and in a well-grade nature. However, excessive excavation of river sand creates a serious environmental problem in Asian countries such as China, Thailand and India. Thus, natural river sand substitutes have to be explored urgently.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Civil Engineering and Building Materials - Selected Peer Reviewed Papers from 2012 2nd International Conference on Civil Engineering and Building Materials, CEBM 2012
Pages115-117
Number of pages3
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event2nd International Conference on Civil Engineering and Building Materials, CEBM 2012 - Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Duration: 17 Nov 201218 Nov 2012

Conference

Conference2nd International Conference on Civil Engineering and Building Materials, CEBM 2012
Country/TerritoryHong Kong
CityHong Kong
Period17/11/1218/11/12

Keywords

  • Concrete
  • Natural river sand
  • Substitutes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this