Reversible Water Transportation Diode: Temperature-Adaptive Smart Janus Textile for Moisture/Thermal Management

Yuanfeng Wang, Xin Liang, He Zhu, John H. Xin, Qi Zhang, Shiping Zhu

    Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

    144 Citations (Scopus)


    “Air-conditioning” textiles with thermal- or moisture-managing functions are of high interest for not only improving human comfort but also reducing energy consumption. However, making the textile sensitive to the surrounding environment and exhibit adaptive thermal/moisture management still remains a great challenge. Herein, a double-sided synergetic Janus textile is developed, featuring reversible diode-like water transportation and adjustable thermal convection upon temperature change. The incorporated responsive polymer networks with inverse transitions on the opposite sides provide synergistic surface energy gradients and capillary gradients that generate drying and cooling effects (with 50% faster water evaporation and 1.2–2.3 °C cooler than with cotton fabric) in hot weather while offering thermal preservation (120 s longer needed to be cooled down and maximumly 3.3 °C warmer than with cotton fabric) in a cold environment. This method could provide ideas for the development of more adaptive textiles and clothing to address maximum personal comfort in demanding situations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1907851
    JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020


    • moisture management
    • stimuli-responsive polymer
    • temperature-adaptive
    • textile
    • wettability

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Chemistry
    • General Materials Science
    • Condensed Matter Physics


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