Response of Rat Tibia to Prolonged Unloading Under the Influence of Electrical Stimulation at the Dorsal Root Ganglion

Roy Yuen-Chi Lau, Xing Qian, Kai Ting Po, Lu Ming Li, Xia Guo

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Our previous study demonstrated that electrical stimulation at the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) with an implantable micro-electrical stimulation system (IMESS) could trigger secretion of bone anabolic calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and prevent bone loss in a short-term hindlimb unloading rat model. This study was designed to further investigate whether electrical stimulation to the DRG could prevent bone loss due to prolonged unloading. Methods: Eighteen adult rats were randomly assigned into three groups: cage control (CC), hindlimb unloading (HU), and hindlimb unloading with electrical stimulation (HUES). Electrical stimulation was applied via IMESS to the right DRGs at vertebral levels L4–L6 in HUES group for 6 weeks. Results: Following unloading for 6 weeks, proximal tibia metaphysis was shown 64.0% decrease in bone mineral content (BMC) and 47.0% decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) in HU group while significant reduced bone lose with 2.7% increase in total BMC and only 9.2% decrease in total BMD in HUES group. Diaphyseal BMD decreased significantly in both HU and HUES group as compared with CC group. There was enhancement of CGRP expression in the DRGs in HUES group. Conclusion: This experimental study proved the proposed concept using electrical stimulation at the DRG for prevention of disuse-induced bone loss in a rat hindlimb suspension model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-289
Number of pages6
JournalNeuromodulation
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • disuse osteoporosis
  • Dorsal root ganglion
  • electrical stimulation
  • immobilization
  • microgravity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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