Response of ∼100 micron water jets to intense nanosecond laser blasts

Lihao Gao, Yanchu Liu, Hui Tang, Weiwei Deng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


We performed an experimental study on water microjets of 100 microns in radius ablated in air by both green (532 nm) and near infrared (1064 nm) nanosecond laser pulses with up to 1100 mJ per pulse. We show this affordable and accessible experimental apparatus captures the essence of the water jet response after being ablated by an intense laser pulse. The results reveal that ∼3.5% of laser pulse energy enters the water jet and half reaches the nozzle orifice as far as 50 times the jet diameter away from the ablation point through internal reflections. The energy density absorbed by the nozzle orifice exceeds the damage threshold of stainless steel, causing microexplosions and formation of a liquid sheet near the nozzle orifice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number034001
JournalPhysical Review Fluids
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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