Resistance training and white matter lesion progression in older women: Exploratory analysis of a 12-month randomized controlled trial

Niousha Bolandzadeh, Roger Tam, Todd C. Handy, Lindsay S. Nagamatsu, Chun Liang Hsu, Jennifer C. Davis, Elizabeth Dao, B. Lynn Beattie, Teresa Liu-Ambrose

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives To assess whether resistance training (RT) slows the progression of white matter lesions (WMLs) in older women. Design Secondary analysis of a 52-week randomized controlled trial of RT, the Brain Power Study. Setting Community center and research center. Participants Of 155 community-dwelling women aged 65 to 75 enrolled in the Brain Power Study, 54 who had evidence of WMLs on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at baseline were included in this secondary analysis. Intervention Participants were randomized to once-weekly RT (1× RT), twice-weekly RT (2× RT), or twice-weekly balance and tone (BAT). Assessors were blinded to participant assignments. Measurements WML volume was measured using MRI at baseline and trial completion. Results At trial completion, the 2× RT group had significantly lower WML volume than the BAT group (P =.03). There was no significant difference between the BAT group and the 1× RT group at trial completion (P =.77). Among participants in the two RT groups, reduced WML progression over 12 months was significantly associated with maintenance of gait speed (correlation coefficient (r) = -0.31, P =.049) but not with executive functions (r = 0.30; P =.06). Conclusion Engaging in progressive RT may reduce WML progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2052-2060
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume63
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • resistance training
  • white matter lesions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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