Residual mechanical properties of high strength steels after exposure to fire

H.-T. Li, Ben Young

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


© 2017 Elsevier LtdThis paper presents an experimental investigation on residual mechanical properties of high strength steels (HSS) after exposure to fire. A test program was conducted to study the post-fire mechanical properties of cold-formed HSS. A total of 41 tensile coupon specimens was extracted from cold-formed tubular sections with nominal yield stresses of 700 and 900 MPa. The specimens were exposed to various elevated temperatures ranged from 200 to 1000 °C and then cooled down to ambient temperature before testing. Stress-strain curves were obtained and the mechanical properties of Young's modulus, yield stress (0.2% proof stress), ultimate strength, ultimate strain and fracture strain of the cold-formed high strength steel materials after exposure to elevated temperatures were derived. The post-fire retention factors that obtained from the tests were compared with existing predictive equations in the literature. The influence of heating rate on post-fire mechanical properties was also investigated. New predictive curves for the determination of residual mechanical properties of HSS after exposure to fire are proposed. It is demonstrated that the proposed predictive curves are suitable for both cold-formed and hot-rolled HSS with nominal yield stresses ranged from 690 to 960 MPa.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-571
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Cold-formed
  • Elevated temperature
  • High strength steel
  • Mechanical properties
  • Post-fire
  • Tubular sections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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