Research on indirect cooling for photovoltaic panels based on radiative cooling

Shuai Li, Zhihua Zhou, Junwei Liu, Ji Zhang, Huajie Tang, Zhuofen Zhang, Yanling Na, Chongxu Jiang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Radiative cooling (RC) is a passive cooling technology that has been used to cool photovoltaic (PV) panels since it does not consume energy or produce pollution. Previous studies employed RC materials above the PV panels to directly enhance the thermal emission, thereby lowering the temperature, but this method interfered with the absorption of the sunlight simultaneously, and thus reduced the power conversion efficiency (PCE). In this paper, an indirect cooling system for PV panels based on RC was proposed, consisting of the PV module, RC module, cold storage module, and piping system. The RC module was arranged between the adjacent PV panels, and the generated cold energy was used to cool the PV panels through the water system. Experimental results showed that the system without cold storage module reduced the average temperature of PV panels by 13.6 °C and 10.6 °C respectively in summer and autumn, and increased the PCE by 1.21% and 0.96%, respectively. After employing the cold storage, the cold energy generated at night by the RC module was stored for daytime use, then the average temperature of PV panels was reduced by 17.8 °C and 16.6 °C in summer and autumn, and the PCE was increased by 1.69% and 1.51%, respectively. Moreover, a cover shield and large water tank capacity could further improve the system efficiency. In addition, the proposed system has an economic payback period of 8 years and is expected to increase at least 2.8 billion kWh of PV power generation in 2050.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)947-959
Number of pages13
JournalRenewable Energy
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Cold storage system
  • Indirect cooling
  • Photovoltaic panel
  • Power conversion efficiency
  • Radiative cooling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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