Repair of steel structures by bonded carbon fibre reinforced polymer patching: Experimental and numerical study of carbon fibre reinforced polymer - Steel double-lap joints under tensile loading

Angus C.C. Lam, J. J.Roger Cheng, Chi Ho Michael Yam, Gaylene D. Kennedy

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


The behavior of carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) composite bonded to a steel plate double-lap joint was investigated experimentally. A total of 19 specimens were tested with the major test parameters being the bonded lap length, LL, and the axial adherend stiffness ratio, ETR. Five of the 19 specimens were prepared using CFRP sheets, and the rest using CFRP plates. Two CFRP plate specimens were prepared with a tapered lap joint, and their results were compared with those of counterpart specimens prepared without tapered lap joints. In general, the behavior of specimens made from either CFRP sheets or CFRP plates were similar. The joint's axial load carrying capacity increased with increasing LL up to a certain limit, when the joint's load carrying capacity could no longer be increased by increasing LL. However, experimental results showed that a larger failure deformation could be achieved by increasing LL past this limit. Specimens that had the same inner adherend thickness but higher axial adherend stiffness ratios showed higher axial load carrying capacities. Test results also showed that the strengths of tapered lap joints were almost the same as those of nontapered lap joints with the same LL. Nonlinear finite element analysis was carried out to study the stress-strain, behavior of the adherend and the adhesive of the double-lap joint. Using finite element analysis results in an analytical solution obtained from the literature, predictions of the joint's maximum axial strength and minimum, required LL were made. This analytical solution provided good predictions when, compared with test results, producing test to predicted ratios from 0.88 to 1.14.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1542-1553
Number of pages12
JournalCanadian Journal of Civil Engineering
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2007


  • Carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP)
  • CFRP plate
  • CFRP sheet
  • Finite element analysis
  • Lap joint
  • Patching
  • Repair
  • Steel elements
  • Stiffness ratio
  • Tensile strength
  • Tests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Environmental Science(all)

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