Removal of residual pesticides on vegetable using ozonated water

Jiguo Wu, Tiangang Luan, Chongyu Lan, Wai Hung Lo, Yuk Sing Gilbert Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

118 Citations (Scopus)


Degradation of the four pesticides by dissolved ozone was investigated in order to establish the effect of operational parameters: methyl-parathion, parathion, diazinon and cypermethrin. They were commonly used as broad-spectrum insecticides in pest control, and high residual levels had been detected in vegetables. In the present study, the effectiveness in pesticide oxidation in aqueous solution using low level of dissolved ozone was determined using solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME) and GC-MS. Dissolved ozone (1.4 mg/l) was effective to oxidize 60-99% of methyl-parathion, cypermethrin, parathion and diazinon in aqueous solution in 30 min and the degradation was mostly completed in the first 5 min. Trace amounts and unstable paraoxon and diazoxon were tentatively identified as primary ozonation byproducts of parathion and diazinon. The feasibilities of using low level of dissolved ozone (1.4-2.0 mg/l) for removal of the four pesticides residue on vegetable surface (Brassica rapa) were also tested. Ozone was mostly effective in cypermethrin removal (>60%). The removal efficiency of pesticides highly depended on the dissolved ozone levels and temperature. The present study validated that ozonation is a safe and promising process for the removal of the tested pesticides from aqueous solution and vegetable surface under domestic conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-472
Number of pages7
JournalFood Control
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2007


  • Ozonated water
  • Pesticides
  • Vegetable

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science


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