Removal of antibiotics sulfadiazine by a biochar based material activated persulfate oxidation system: Performance, products and mechanism

Fu Xin Dong, Liu Yan, Shi Ting Huang, Jing Yi Liang, Wen Xuan Zhang, Xiao Wen Yao, Xie Chen, Wei Qian, Peng Ran Guo, Ling Jun Kong, Wei Chu, Zeng Hui Diao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Nowadays, the harm of antibiotics residues in environments to human health and ecological safety has been causing more and more attention. In this paper, a biochar based iron material (MBC) was used to activate persulfate (PS) for the removal of sulfadiazine (SDZ) from aqueous solution. Experiment results indicate that the degradation and mineralization of SDZ by MBC/PS system reached 91.79% and 60% within 60 min under the optimal reaction conditions, respectively. MBC/PS system exhibited a better performance on SDZ removal compared with MBC/H2O2 system. The addition of Cu2+ ion could enhance the degradation of SDZ by MBC/PS system. PO43-, Cl- and SO42- had a certain degree of inhibitory effect on the SDZ degradation. Both radicals and non-radical species such as SO4•-, •OH and 1O2 participated in the degradation reaction of SDZ by MBC/PS system, but •OH was the main radical species responsible for SDZ degradation. The liquid chromatograph-mass spectrometer (LC-MS) technique was used to identify the intermediate products of SDZ, and it was proposed that the degradation of SDZ might be achieved through hydrolyzation, hydroxylation, deamination and amino-oxidization processes. A possible reaction mechanism involving a synergistic effect between PS homogeneous and heterogeneous activation processes as well as both radicals and non-radicals reactions was finally proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-419
Number of pages9
JournalProcess Safety and Environmental Protection
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


  • Antibiotics degradation
  • Biochar
  • Iron material
  • Persulfate
  • Sulfadiazine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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