The conventional coarse-to-fine search algorithms for block matching motion estimation reduce the set of possible displacements for locating the motion vector. Nearly all of these algorithms rely on the assumption: the MAD distortion function increases monotonically as the search location moves away from the global minimum. Obviously, this assumption essentially requires that the MAD error surface be unimodal over the search window. Unfortunately, this is usually not true in real-world video signals. In this paper, we formulate a criterion to check the confidence of unimodal error surface over the search window. The proposed confidence measure of error surface (CMES) would be a good measure for identifying whether the searching should be continued or not. It is found that this proposed measure is able to strengthen the conventional fast search algorithms for block matching motion estimation. Experimental results show that, as compared to the conventional approach, the new algorithm through the CMES is more robust, produces smaller motion compensation errors, and has simple computational complexity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Signal Processing
- Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering