Reliability of an engineered slope considering the regression kriging (Rk)-based conditional random field

Lei Huang, Andy Yat Fai Leung, Wenfei Liu, Qiujing Pan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Many attempts have been made to apply random field theory to the slope reliability analysis in recent decades. However, there are only a few studies that consider real landslide cases by incorporating actual soil data in the probabilistic slope stability analysis with spatially variable soils. In this paper, an engineered slope located in Hong Kong was investigated using the probabilistic approach considering the Regression Kriging (RK)-based conditional random field. The slope had been assessed and considered to be safe by classical deterministic slope stability analyses but failed eventually. In this study, both deterministic slope stability analyses and probabilistic slope stability analyses were conducted, and the comparison was made between the probabilistic approach adopting RK-based conditional random field and that adopting Ordinary Kriging (OK)-based approach. The results show that the deterministic factor of safety (FS) for a slope may not be an adequate indicator of the safety margin. In particular, a slope with a higher deterministic FS may not always represent a lower probability of failure under the framework of probabilistic assessment, where the spatial variability of soil properties is explicitly considered. Besides, the critical portion of the slope could not be found using the OK-based approach that considers a constant trend structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-194
Number of pages12
JournalHKIE Transactions Hong Kong Institution of Engineers
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Conditional random field
  • Engineered slope
  • Regression Kriging
  • Restricted maximum likelihood
  • Slope reliability analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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