Reliability and validity of The Awareness of Social Inference Test (TASIT): A clinical test of social perception

S. McDonald, C. Bornhofen, Ho Keung David Shum, E. Long, C. Saunders, K. Neulinger

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

174 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose. The Awareness of Social Inference Test (TASIT) is an audiovisual tool designed for the clinical assessment of social perception with alternate forms for re-testing. Part 1 assesses emotion recognition, Parts 2 and 3 assess the ability to interpret conversational remarks meant literally (i.e., sincere remarks and lies) or non-literally (i.e., sarcasm) as well as the ability to make judgments about the thoughts, intentions and feelings of speakers. This paper aims to examine TASIT's reliability and validity. Method. Some 32 adults with severe, chronic brain injuries were administered Form A twice, one week apart. 38 adults with brain injuries were readministered alternate forms over a period of 5-26 weeks. Construct validity was examined in subsets of a sample of 116 adults with brain injuries by relating TASIT performance to standard tests of neuropsychological function and specific social perception measures. Results. Test-retest reliability ranged from 0.74-0.88. Alternate forms reliability ranged from 0.62-0.83. TASIT performance was associated with face perception, information processing speed and working memory. Socially relevant new learning and executive tasks were significantly associated with TASIT performance whereas non-social tasks showed little association. Social perception tasks such as Ekman photos and theory of mind stories were also associated. Conclusions. TASIT has adequate psychometric properties as a clinical test of social perception. It is not overly prone to practice effects and is reliable for repeat administrations. Performance on TASIT is affected by information processing speed, working memory, new learning and executive functioning, but the uniquely social material that comprises the stimuli for TASIT will provide useful insights into the particular difficulties people with clinical conditions experience when interpreting complex social phenomena.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1529-1542
Number of pages14
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Volume28
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Brain injury
  • Social perception
  • Social skills

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

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