Reliability and factorial structure of the Chinese version of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory

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The Chinese version of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was administered to 2150 Chinese secondary-school students. Reliability data revealed that the A-State and A-Trait scales had a high internal consistency, and high item-total correlations were found for most of the items under each scale. Factor analytic data showed that while two factors were abstracted from the A-Trait scale (Anxiety Present and Anxiety Absent), two (Anxiety Present and Anxiety Absent) or three (Anxiety Present, Calmness, and Happiness) factors were abstracted from the A-State scale. By randomly splitting the total sample into two subsamples, factors extracted from the first two factor-solutions could be reproduced reliably and high coefficients of congruence were found. These findings generally suggest that the Chinese A-State and A-Trait scales possess acceptable psychometric properties and the factor analytic data tend to support Spielberger's conception of the multidimensional nature of the A-State and A-Trait scales.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-317
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1988
Externally publishedYes


  • anxiety measurement
  • factorial structure
  • reliability
  • state-trait anxiety
  • State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

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