Relaxed Asymmetric Deep Hashing Learning: Point-to-Angle Matching

Jinxing Li, Bob Zhang, Guangming Lu, Jia You, Yong Xu, Feng Wu, David Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Due to the powerful capability of the data representation, deep learning has achieved a remarkable performance in supervised hash function learning. However, most of the existing hashing methods focus on point-to-point matching that is too strict and unnecessary. In this article, we propose a novel deep supervised hashing method by relaxing the matching between each pair of instances to a point-to-angle way. Specifically, an inner product is introduced to asymmetrically measure the similarity and dissimilarity between the real-valued output and the binary code. Different from existing methods that strictly enforce each element in the real-valued output to be either +1 or -1, we only encourage the output to be close to its corresponding semantic-related binary code under the cross-angle. This asymmetric product not only projects both the real-valued output and the binary code into the same Hamming space but also relaxes the output with wider choices. To further exploit the semantic affinity, we propose a novel Hamming-distance-based triplet loss, efficiently making a ranking for the positive and negative pairs. An algorithm is then designed to alternatively achieve optimal deep features and binary codes. Experiments on four real-world data sets demonstrate the effectiveness and superiority of our approach to the state of the art.
Original languageEnglish
Article number31902779
Pages (from-to)4791-4805
JournalIEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020


  • Asymmetric , deep learning , hashing learning , point-to-angle , triplet loss


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