Relationships between depression, self-efficacy, and professional values among Chinese oncology nurses: a multicenter cross-sectional study

Jianfei Xie, Xiaofei Luo (Corresponding Author), Yi Zhou, Chun Zhang, Lijun Li, Panpan Xiao, Yinglong Duan, Qinqin Cheng, Xiangyu Liu, Andy Sk Cheng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Many factors are related to oncology nurses’ professional values. However, the evidence on the relevance of professional values among oncology nurses in China remains sparse. This study aims to investigate the relationship between depression, self-efficacy, and professional values among Chinese oncology nurses and analyze the mediating effect of self-efficacy on this association. Methods: It was a multicenter cross-sectional study designed with the STROBE guidelines. An anonymous online questionnaire recruited 2530 oncology nurses from 55 hospitals in six provinces of China between March and June 2021. Measures included self-designed sociodemographic and fully validated instruments. Pearson correlation analysis was employed to explore the associations between depression, self-efficacy, and professional values. Bootstrapping analysis by the PROCESS macro was used to examine the mediating effect of self-efficacy. Results: The total scores of depression, self-efficacy, and professional values of Chinese oncology nurses were 52.75 ± 12.62, 28.39 ± 6.33, and 101.55 ± 20.43, respectively. About 55.2% of Chinese oncology nurses were depressed. Chinese oncology nurses’ professional values were generally intermediate. Their professional values were negatively related to depression and positively correlated with self-efficacy, while depression was negatively related to self-efficacy. Moreover, self-efficacy partially mediated the relationship between depression and professional values, accounting for 24.8% of the total effect. Conclusions: Depression negatively predicts self-efficacy and professional values, and self-efficacy positively predicts professional values. Meanwhile, depression in Chinese oncology nurses has an indirect effect on their professional values through self-efficacy. Nursing managers and oncology nurses themselves should develop strategies aimed at relieving depression and improving self-efficacy to strengthen their positive professional values.

Original languageEnglish
Article number140
JournalBMC Nursing
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Nurses
  • Oncology
  • Professional values
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing

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