Relationships among resilience, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, and quality of life in children with cancer

Joyce Oi Kwan Chung, William Ho Cheung Li, Ankie Tan Cheung, Laurie Long Kwan Ho, Wei Xia, Godfrey Chi Fung Chan, Violeta Lopez

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To examine the interrelationships among resilience, self-esteem, and depressive symptoms and determine whether resilience was a factor associated with quality of life for Hong Kong Chinese children with cancer. Methods: We used a cross-sectional study design. Participants were 138 Hong Kong Chinese children (aged 7–14 years) who were admitted to the pediatric oncology units of an acute public hospital. The resilience, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, and quality of life of participating children were assessed. The primary outcome was the association between resilience and quality of life in children with cancer. Results: In total, 72 boys and 66 girls were recruited for this study (mean age 10.6 years). The mean levels of resilience, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, and quality of life were 23.4, 30.0, 23.0, and 63.6, respectively. There was a statistically significant strong positive correlation between resilience and quality of life (r = 0.60, p < 0.01), indicating that greater resilience was associated with better quality of life. Children with cancer from single-parent families, those diagnosed with a brain tumor, and those who received multiple treatments reported significantly lower levels of resilience, self-esteem, and quality of life, and greater depressive symptoms than other children (all p's < 0.001). Results of a multiple regression analysis revealed that resilience (p < 0.001) was a strong factor associated with quality of life among children with cancer. Conclusions: It is essential that healthcare professionals implement interventions to boost the resilience of children with cancer, thereby enhancing their quality of life.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPsycho-Oncology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • cancer
  • children
  • Chinese
  • depressive symptoms
  • psycho-oncology
  • quality of life
  • resilience
  • self-esteem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Oncology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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