Relational schemas as sources of evaluation and misevaluation of leader-member exchanges: Some initial evidence

Xu Huang, Robert Phillip Wright, Warren C.K. Chiu, Chao Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


We investigated whether dyad members' relational schemas, a cognitive representation of exchange experiences, would affect how leaders and members evaluate and misevaluate the quality of their exchange relationships. Based on data derived from repertory grid technique and two waves of survey data, we found that leaders and members tended to form different relational schemas of their partners. While leaders developed LMX schemas focusing on work-related issues, members' schemas focused more on interpersonal concerns. These findings confirmed that the different schemas employed by each party affect how they stored, retrieved and (mis)evaluated their LMX experiences with each other. Implications for theory and practice, limitations of this study, and future research directions are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)266-282
Number of pages17
JournalLeadership Quarterly
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2008


  • Cognitions
  • Leader-Member exchange
  • Leadership
  • Relational schema
  • Repertory grid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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