Reinvestment and Falls in Community-Dwelling Older Adults

Wai Lung Wong (Corresponding Author), R.S.W. Masters, Jon Maxwell, Bruce Abernethy

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Background. Falls are common in older adults and have many adverse consequences. In an attempt to prevent further incidents, elder fallers may consciously monitor and control their movements. Ironically, conscious movement control may be one factor that contributes to disruption of automaticity of walking, increasing the likelihood of subsequent falls. Objective. The Movement Specific Reinvestment Scale (MSRS), which aims to measure the propensity for movement-related self-consciousness and for conscious processing of movement, was used to try to discriminate elder fallers from non-fallers. Methods. Fifty-two volunteer older adults, aged 65 or above, participated. In addition to the 10-item MSRS, participants completed the Mini-Mental State Examination questionnaire, Timed “Up & Go” test, and Four Word Short-Term Memory test. Demographics including age, gender, and history of falling were collected. Results. Elder fallers scored significantly higher than non-fallers on both the movement self-consciousness and conscious motor processing components of the MSRS. Logistic regression revealed a significant association between the MSRS (conscious motor processing component) and “faller or non-faller” status. Conclusions. Elder fallers may have a higher propensity to consciously control their movements. The MSRS shows potential as a clinical tool with which to predict falls in the elderly, as well as to gain insight into the perception of safety during walking in any impaired patient.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-414
Number of pages5
JournalNeurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2008
Externally publishedYes

Cite this