A convex two-stage non-cooperative multi-agent game under uncertainty is formulated as a two-stage stochastic variational inequality (SVI). Under standard assumptions, we provide sufficient conditions for the existence of solutions of the two-stage SVI and propose a regularized sample average approximation method for solving it. We prove the convergence of the method as the regularization parameter tends to zero and the sample size tends to infinity. Moreover, our approach is applied to a two-stage stochastic production and supply planning problem with homogeneous commodity in an oligopolistic market. Numerical results based on historical data in crude oil market are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the two-stage SVI in describing the market share of oil producing agents.
- Two-stage stochastic variational inequalities
- Regularized method
- Progressive hedging method
- Oil market share