Regular uniform hypergraphs, s-cycles, s-paths and their largest Laplacian H-eigenvalues

Liqun Qi, Jia Yu Shao, Qun Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we show that the largest signless Laplacian H-eigenvalue of a connected k-uniform hypergraph G, where k≥3, reaches its upper bound 2Δ(G), where Δ(G) is the largest degree of G, if and only if G is regular. Thus the largest Laplacian H-eigenvalue of G, reaches the same upper bound, if and only if G is regular and odd-bipartite. We show that an s-cycle G, as a k-uniform hypergraph, where 1≤s≤k-1, is regular if and only if there is a positive integer q such that k=q(k-s). We show that an even-uniform s-path and an even-uniform non-regular s-cycle are always odd-bipartite. We prove that a regular s-cycle G with k=q(k-s) is odd-bipartite if and only if m is a multiple of 2t0, where m is the number of edges in G, and q=2t0(2l0+1) for some integerst0andl0. We identify the value of the largest signless Laplacian H-eigenvalue of an s-cycle G in all possible cases. When G is odd-bipartite, this is also its largest Laplacian H-eigenvalue. We introduce supervertices for hypergraphs, and show the components of a Laplacian H-eigenvector of an odd-uniform hypergraph are equal if such components correspond vertices in the same supervertex, and the corresponding Laplacian H-eigenvalue is not equal to the degree of the supervertex. Using this property, we show that the largest Laplacian H-eigenvalue of an odd-uniform generalized loose s-cycle G is equal to Δ(G)=2. We also show that the largest Laplacian H-eigenvalue of a k-uniform tight s-cycle G is not less than Δ(G)+1, if the number of vertices is even and k=4l+3 for some nonnegative integer l.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-227
Number of pages13
JournalLinear Algebra and Its Applications
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2014


  • H-eigenvalue
  • Laplacian
  • Loose cycle
  • Loose path
  • Regular uniform hypergraph
  • Tight cycle
  • Tight path

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Algebra and Number Theory
  • Numerical Analysis
  • Geometry and Topology
  • Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics

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