Regeneration and reuse of highly polluting textile dyeing effluents through catalytic ozonation with carbon aerogel catalysts

Enling Hu, Songmin Shang, Xiaoming Tao, Shou-xiang Kinor Jiang, Ka lok Chiu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

96 Citations (Scopus)


Especially for the effluent from the first/initial spent dyeing bath, it may be comprised of as high as 60% of the initial dye dosed, 30–90 g/L of sodium chloride or sodium sulfate, and plenty of sodium carbonate, making it to be the most contaminative effluent among the entire reactive dyeing process. This paper presents a new alternative to regenerate the waste effluent from the first spent dyeing bath through catalytic ozonation with novel catalysts for reuse of the effluent in successive dyeing. Two novel ozonation catalysts, mesoporous carbon aerogel and its supported cobalt oxide nanoparticles, were successfully prepared and used in catalytic degradation of residual dyes in waste effluents with ozone. Degradation efficiency was determined by both decolorization and chemical oxygen demand removal. The result showed novel catalysts could improve both of these two targets. For chemical oxygen demand removal, carbon aerogel supported cobalt oxide strikingly enhanced the efficiency by 30% on the whole comparing to ozonation alone (approximately 50%) without the catalyst. Waste effluents after catalytic ozonation were thereafter reused in successive dyeing in the same process. It has been validated that the waste effluent was successfully regenerated and can be additionally reused twice without sacrificing fabric quality, which cannot be realized in ozonation alone. Color difference of the fabric dyed with the regenerated effluent was within the acceptable tolerance, and excellent levelness and equal colorfastness had also been achieved. This is probably the first study to investigate the feasibility of regenerating highly polluting dyeing effluents for reuse by catalytic ozonation with carbon aerogel materials. With novel catalysts, it could be speculated that catalytic ozonation is a promising technology for in-situ regeneration of waste effluents in textile dyeing plant for reuse.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1055-1065
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2016


  • Carbon aerogel
  • Catalytic ozonation
  • Color quality
  • Effluent reuse
  • In-situ regeneration
  • Textile dyeing wastewater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Environmental Science
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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