REFORM: Error-Aware Few-Shot Knowledge Graph Completion

Song Wang, Xiao Huang, Chen Chen, Liang Wu, Jundong Li

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Knowledge graphs (KGs) are of great importance in various artificial intelligence systems, such as question answering, relation extraction, and recommendation. Nevertheless, most real-world KGs are highly incomplete, with many missing relations between entities. To discover new triples (i.e., head entity, relation, tail entity), many KG completion algorithms have been proposed in recent years. However, a vast majority of existing studies often require a large number of training triples for each relation, which contradicts the fact that the frequency distribution of relations in KGs often follows a long tail distribution, meaning a majority of relations have only very few triples. Meanwhile, since most existing large-scale KGs are constructed automatically by extracting information from crowd-sourcing data using heuristic algorithms, plenty of errors could be inevitably incorporated due to the lack of human verification, which greatly reduces the performance for KG completion. To tackle the aforementioned issues, in this paper, we study a novel problem of error-aware few-shot KG completion and present a principled KG completion framework REFORM. Specifically, we formulate the problem under the few-shot learning framework, and our goal is to accumulate meta-knowledge across different meta-tasks and generalize the accumulated knowledge to the meta-test task for error-aware few-shot KG completion. To address the associated challenges resulting from insufficient training samples and inevitable errors, we propose three essential modules neighbor encoder, cross-relation aggregation, and error mitigation in each meta-task. Extensive experiments on three widely used KG datasets demonstrate the superiority of the proposed framework REFORM over competitive baseline methods.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCIKM 2021 - Proceedings of the 30th ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages1979-1988
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781450384469
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2021
Event30th ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, CIKM 2021 - Virtual, Online, Australia
Duration: 1 Nov 20215 Nov 2021

Publication series

NameInternational Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, Proceedings

Conference

Conference30th ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, CIKM 2021
Country/TerritoryAustralia
CityVirtual, Online
Period1/11/215/11/21

Keywords

  • few-shot learning
  • graph neural networks
  • knowledge graphs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Decision Sciences(all)

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