Reduction of sound transmission across plenum windows by incorporating an array of rigid cylinders

Shiu Keung Tang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


The potential improvement of plenum window noise reduction by installing rigid circular cylinder arrays into the window cavity is investigated numerically using the finite-element method in this study. A two-dimensional approach is adopted. The sound transmission characteristics and propagation within the plenum window are also examined in detail. Results show that the installation of the cylinders in general gives rise to broadband improvement of noise reduction across a plenum window regardless of the direction of sound incidence. Such acoustical performance becomes better when more cylinder columns are installed, but it is suggested that the number of cylinder rows should not exceed two. Results also show that the cylinder positions relative to the nodal/anti-nodal planes of the acoustic modes are crucial in the noise reduction enhancement mechanisms. Noise reduction can further be enhanced by staggering the cylinder rows, such that each cylinder row supports the development of a different acoustic mode. For the simple cylinder arrangements considered in this study, the traffic noise reduction enhancement observed in this study can be as high as 4–5 dB, which is already comparable to or higher than the maximum achieved by installing sound absorption into a plenum window.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-40
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2018


  • Building noise control
  • Plenum window
  • Sound transmission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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