Reduction in somatostatin and substance P levels and choline acetyltransferase activity in the cortex and hippocampus of the rat after chronic intracerebroventricular infusion of β-amyloid (1-40)

S. Nag, Kay Yan Benjamin Yee, F. Tang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study investigated the neurochemical and behavioural sequelae following chronic intracerebroventricular infusion of β-amyloid (1- 40) in rats. β-amyloid was either infused intermittently via implanted cannulae on the day of operation and subsequently on postsurgical days 4, 7, 10, and 13 (Experiment 1), or continuously using osmotic pumps for 14 days (Experiment 2). The same amount of β-amyloid was delivered under both infusion regimes. In both experiments, β-amyloid infusion led to severe deficits in the acquisition of a spatial reference memory task conducted on postoperative days 10 to 14. The animals were sacrificed on the postoperative day 15 for neurochemical analyses. These included radioenzymatic and radioimmunoassays, designed to determine choline acetyltransferase activity and the contents of neuropeptides (somatostatin, substance P, and neuropeptide Y), respectively. Experiment 2 also included solution- hybridisation-RNAase protection assay for preprosomatostatin mRNA quantification. There was a significant reduction in choline acetyltransferase activity and in the levels of substance P as well as somatostatin and preprosomatostatin mRNA in the cortical mantle of β- amyloid-treated rats, compared to controls in both experiments. Appreciable reductions in choline acetyltransferase activity and somatostatin level were also apparent in the hippocampus. In contrast, β-amyloid infusion did not significantly affect the brain level of neuropeptide Y. The present study demonstrated that chronic infusion of β-amyloid can lead to a reduction in the levels of selected neuropeptides resembling the pattern seen in Alzheimer's disease patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-262
Number of pages12
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Volume50
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Neuropeptide Y
  • β-Amyloid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this