Recycling of incinerated sewage sludge ash as an adsorbent for heavy metals removal from aqueous solutions

Qiming Wang, Jiang shan Li, Chi Sun Poon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The management of large quantities of incinerated sewage sludge ash (ISSA) is problematic. Environmental and economic benefits can be achieved by using ISSA as an adsorbent for heavy metals removal due to its exceptionally porous structure and active components. In this study, the feasibility of using ISSA to treat heavy metals (Cd(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II)) contaminated waters from both single- and binary-metal systems were investigated. The results showed that the pH of the solution played a pivotal role in the adsorption of heavy metals by ISSA and the optimal pH for the adsorption of these metals was around 6.00. The adsorption process of Cu(II), Cd(II), and Zn(II) in a single-metal system was similar and fast. The equilibrium data followed the Freundlich isotherm model and the corresponding adsorption capacity was 0.13, 0.11 and 0.06 mmol/g, respectively. However, the presence of other competitive metal ions had adverse effects on both the adsorption rate and the adsorption capacity for the target metal ions. The affinity of ISSA towards the metals followed the order of Cu(II) > Cd(II) > Zn(II). The difference in pH value and Ca or Na concentration of the solution after adsorption revealed that cation exchange played a fundamental role in the adsorption of the target metals, while electrostatic attraction and precipitation were insignificant. Over all, the application of ISSA as an adsorbent would be a promising option to both relieve the waste disposal pressure and mitigate the complex heavy metals pollution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-517
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume247
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Competitive adsorption
  • Heavy metals
  • Incinerated sewage sludge ash

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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