Rechargeable Zn-air batteries: Recent trends and future perspectives

Kee Wah Leong, Yifei Wang, Meng Ni, Wending Pan, Shijing Luo, Dennis Y.C. Leung

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Currently a hot research topic, rechargeable zinc-air batteries are considered one of the most promising post lithium-ion battery technologies for utility-scale energy storage, electric vehicles, and other consumer electronics. Nevertheless, despite a high energy density, low cost, and material abundance, the development of alkaline-based Zn-air batteries has been hampered by parasitic reactions at the Zn anode and sluggish oxygen redox kinetics. This article will review the current status of Zn-air batteries, discuss recent development trends including neutral and hybrid Zn-air batteries, and highlight future research needs. Specifically, an analysis of the latest publications will show that, through redesigning the anode, introducing alternative electrolytes, and engineering high-performing bifunctional oxygen catalysts, researchers have successfully prolonged the battery reversibility to a few thousand cycles and reached unprecedented energy efficiencies over 70%. Although unsolved obstacles remain, these strategies have opened up interesting possibilities in the advancement of rechargeable Zn-air batteries, creating promising prospects for the energy and electronics industries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111771
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022


  • Bifunctional oxygen catalyst
  • Electrolyte
  • Hybrid Zn battery
  • Quasi-neutral electrolyte
  • Quasi-solid-state battery
  • Zinc-air battery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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