Recent Progress in Black-Phosphorus-Based Heterostructures for Device Applications

Zhibin Yang, Jianhua Hao

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


The rise of 2D layered materials has inspired luxuriant research interests in the development of novel nanodevices. Thanks to van der Waals interlayer forces and being free of dangling surface bonds, 2D materials are favorable for constructing vertical heterostructures by combining materials with different features. In recent years, ultrathin black phosphorus (BP) has been rediscovered as a new member of the 2D family and is attracting significant research attention due to its outstanding electronic properties and tunable bandgaps, which offers a new avenue for the creation of novel 2D heterostructures. Here, the recent development of heterostructured architectures based on 2D BP nanosheets is summarized with an emphasis on device characterizations. Stacks of phosphorene with graphene, semiconductors, or insulators are reviewed, along with methods to characterize the corresponding proof-of-concept devices, as well as potential opportunities for applications in the 2D limit, including transistors, optoelectronic devices, and sensors, with unprecedented functionalities. Finally, the challenges ahead of BP heterostructures are discussed and some future outlooks are suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1700296
JournalSmall Methods
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 13 Feb 2018


  • 2D materials
  • black phosphorus
  • devices
  • electronics
  • heterostructures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Chemistry


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