Numerous investigations on the development of the relaxor-PbTiO3 ferroelectric crystals have been carried out since their extraordinary properties were revealed. Recent developments on these crystals have offered further advances in electromechanical applications. In this review, recent developments on relaxor-PbTiO3 crystals and their practical applications are reviewed. The single crystal growth methods are first discussed. Two different strategies, poling and doping, for piezoelectric improvement are surveyed in the following section. After this, the anisotropic features of the single crystals are discussed. Application perspectives arising from the property improvements for electromechanical devices are finally reviewed.
- Electromechanical applications
- Ferroelectric single crystals
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Inorganic Chemistry