Recent advances of triboelectric nanogenerator based applications in biomedical systems

Xin Xia, Qing Liu, Yuyan Zhu, Yunlong Zi

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) are a promising power and sensing solution for biomedical applications attributed to the high electrical output and sensitivity with low-cost and widely available materials. Here, the recent devel-opments in TENG-based biomedical applications with various structures and functionalities are discussed and summarized. Wearable TENGs perform well in motion and respiratory monitoring with excellent flexibility and low bio-risks. Implantable TENGs enable interactions with the cardio-cerebral vascular system and nervous system to monitor and treat different diseases with good biodegrad-ability. Furthermore, explorations of TENGs in in vitro systems, including drug delivery, cellular proliferation and differentiation, are reviewed. Perspectives on the biomedical applications of TENGs are proposed based on investigation in this area in the past two decades. With continuous efforts in miniaturization and optimization of robustness, the TENG-based self-powered biomedical systems will definitely play an important role in the healthcare market in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12049
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


  • biomedical systems
  • in vitro systems
  • in vivo applications
  • triboelectric nanogenerators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)


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