Realizing a self-powered real-time monitoring system on high-speed trains

S. K. Lai, C. Wang, L. H. Zhang, Y. Q. Ni

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

The development of the worldwide high-speed rail network is expanding at a rapid pace, imposing great challenges on the operation safety. Recent advances in wireless communications and information technology can integrate the Internet of Things and cloud computing to form a real-time monitoring platform of high-speed trains. To realize this system, a sustainable power source is indispensable. In this case, an ideal solution is to deploy a vibration-based energy harvester instead of batteries for the electrical supply of wireless sensors/devices, as vibrations induced by rail/wheel contact forces and vehicle dynamics are an abundant energy source. To address this challenge, a multi-stable, broadband and tri-hybrid energy harvesting technique was recently proposed, which can work well under low-frequency, low-amplitude, and time-varying ambient sources. In this work, we will introduce our idea, following the recently proposed energy harvester and the dynamic responses of a train vehicle, to design a self-sustained sensing system on trains. Supported by this self-powered system, accelerometers and microphones deployed on an in-service train (in axle boxes/bogie frames) can measure vibration and noise data directly. The correlation of the vibration and noise data can then be analyzed simultaneously to identify the dynamic behavior (e.g., wheel defects) of a moving train.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of INTER-NOISE 2021 - 2021 International Congress and Exposition of Noise Control Engineering
EditorsTyler Dare, Stuart Bolton, Patricia Davies, Yutong Xue, Gordon Ebbitt
PublisherThe Institute of Noise Control Engineering of the USA, Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781732598652
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event50th International Congress and Exposition of Noise Control Engineering, INTER-NOISE 2021 - Washington, United States
Duration: 1 Aug 20215 Aug 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of INTER-NOISE 2021 - 2021 International Congress and Exposition of Noise Control Engineering

Conference

Conference50th International Congress and Exposition of Noise Control Engineering, INTER-NOISE 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityWashington
Period1/08/215/08/21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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