RC beams shear-strengthened with FRP: Stress distributions in the FRP reinforcement

X. Z. Lu, J. F. Chen, L. P. Ye, Jinguang Teng, J. M. Rotter

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


Reinforced concrete (RC) beams may be strengthened for shear with externally bonded fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) composites through complete wrapping, U-jacketing or bonding on their sides only. The two main shear failure modes of such strengthened beams are FRP rupture and debonding. In both modes of failure, the contribution of the bonded FRP reinforcement to the shear capacity of the beam depends strongly on the stress (or strain) distribution in the FRP at the ultimate limit state. This paper presents a numerical study of the FRP stress distribution at debonding failure in U-jacketed or side-bonded beams using a rigorous FRP-to-concrete bond-slip model and assuming several different crack width distributions. Numerical results indicate that Chen and Teng's early simple assumption [Chen JF, Teng JG. Shear capacity of FRP-strengthened RC beams: FRP debonding. Constr Build Mater 2003;17:27-41] for the stress distribution in the FRP results in satisfactory predictions for the effective FRP stress in most cases for both U-jacketed and side-bonded beams. However, it may become unconservative for side-bonded beams that have only light flexural steel reinforcement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1544-1554
Number of pages11
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2009


  • Concrete beams
  • FRP
  • Shear strength
  • Strengthening
  • Stress distributions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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